Here is your 101 training guide on adding simple animations to your Alpine transitions.
First, let's take a look at a simple Alpine dropdown without animation.
When we click on the Open Dropdown button from the CodePen above, you can see that the
ul element gets toggled. It will show and hide without any animation.
Adding an animation to your Alpine components is as simple as changing
x-show.transition="open". Take a look at this example below.
You can now see that if we click on the Open Dropdown button, it has some nice fade and scale animations.
Simple Animation Origin
What if instead, we wanted to change origin, where it's scaling in from. Well we could simply chain the
.origin to our
x-show attribute, like this:
x-show.transition.origin.top.left="open", and you'll get the following:
Now, you can see that when you click the Open Dropdown button, our animation scales in from the top left. We could customize our animation even more by chaining more functionality to that attribute. Learn more about all the options you have available in the Alpine Readme.
Animations with Tailwind
Next, we may want to add even more flexibility to our animations by including Tailwinds Transition classes. We can leverage some new Alpine attributes that will allow our component to add/remove transition classes during the animation. Take a look at the following example:
As you can see, the animation is very similar to the previous examples; however, we are using Tailwind classes to handle our transitions. Before you understand all of the Alpine transition attributes, it's good to remember that there are 2 phases during an animation.
- The Enter Phase - When the element is displayed
- The Leave Phase - When the element is no longer displayed
Each of these phases have 3 attributes. Here are the Enter phase attributes:
x-transition:enter="" - Added during the entire enter phase
**x-transition:enter-start="" - Added before the element is inserted and removed one frame after inserted
x-transition:enter-end="" - Added one frame after element is inserted (same time the previous
enter-startis removed), removed when transition animation finishes.
Here are the Leave phase attributes:
x-transition:leave="" - Added during the entire leave phase
x-transition:leave-start="" - Added immediately when the leaving transition is triggered and removed one frame after the trigger.
x-transition:leave-end="" - Added one frame after leaving transition is triggered (same time the previous
leave-startis removed), this is then removed when the animation is complete.
Make sure to learn these attributes and start playing around with them to get better at adding animations to your Alpine components.
Be sure to visit the Alpine repo and give it a start if you have not already.
Adding transitions and animations to your HTML elements used to take a decent amount of work, but now thanks to Alpine and Tailwind we can create some cool animations and transitions as the elements get displayed on our page.